VINEYARD SMRKOVÝ TÝNEC
On every continent, in every country, in every region, we find ecologically clean plantations, fields, farms, orchards and vineyards. They are called RETURN ...
welcome to us
I toyed with the idea of the Return from the very beginning, even before we first dug into the local soil. If you admit the fact that my ideas are turned into reality and you believe that you can return to non-chemical and pure natural products, then you are in the right place.
Our vineyard is becoming an island for all who refuse to come to terms with dictates, turning basic human desires and rights into targeted regulation, in the name of "progress".
We have been building trust between us and the customer for many years and there is nothing easier than coming to see us and see for yourself.
with respect Petr Doležal
Thunderstorms are common in the summer months
So far, we have brought more than 500 tons of cotton Mesozoic sand to the vineyard
Our vineyard is located in an area that is slightly warm and slightly humid. The climate of the Iron Mountains does not differ significantly from the climate of other highlands of similar altitudes in the Czech Republic.
The average annual temperature decreases with altitude by 0.63 ° C per 100 meters. In the valley locations, there are greater differences in morning and noon temperatures. The annual total precipitation increases by an average of 50 mm per 100 altitude meters. In winter, icing often forms in the higher parts. A typical phenomenon is the reversal of temperature zones in deep valleys of streams and rivers.
Due to their low altitude, the Iron Mountains do not form typical cloud inversions, but only fog inversions in the valleys.
Average annual temperatures reach values of 8 - 9 ° C. The average annual rainfall ranges from 700 to 800 mm. The area is located at the crossing of orographic units of the Chrudim Basin and the nearby Iron Mountains on an area of 3,320 ha at an average altitude in the range of 243 - 697 m above sea level.
Soil composition and geology of the area
Sandy-aluminous to aluminous-sandy sedimentRocks: sandy-aluminous to aluminous-sandy sediment, Rock type: unconsolidated sediment,Grain size: sandy-loam to loamy-sandy,Mineralogical composition: colorful,The Iron Mountains are often called the textbook of geology of the Czech Republic for a varied mosaic of rocks, which is nowhere else to be seen on such a small area (red granite, limestone, iron, gold, sandstone ...)
A characteristic phenomenon of the local climate is the relatively late onset of reliable warming of the lower nutrient layer of the soil to 10 ° C (regularly around the second half of May), which is a decisive factor for the onset of the growing season.
History of our vineyard
The vineyard in Smrkový Týnec was founded in 2014. In the spring of this year, 100 vine heads were brought for trial planting. The varieties were chosen, after consultation, to reflect natural conditions (especially the May frosts and the early arrival of autumn). That is, the weather that is inseparable from the foothills of the Iron Mountains. We preferred the idea that after five years we would select the most suitable ones for further multiplication and gradual replanting.
White, originally planted varieties
Riesling, Muscat blanc, Sauvignon, Chenin blanc, Tramin rouge, Viognier, Pinot gris, Solaris, Sylváner
Blue, originally planted varieties
Merlot, Pinot Noir, later Othello
In 2017, we planted crucial areas with the Solaris variety in our country, due to its extraordinary properties, respectfully nicknamed, La grande S. It has acclimatized very well and today forms the most numerous plantings and achieves a standard and reliable yield, and its grapes are the basis for categories of our wines.
From the beginning, emphasis was placed on the quality of the soil, which had to be deeply aerated and "heated". The choice fell on the sand and, as it turned out, it was a very good choice. By this year, we have already brought 500 tons of sand to the vineyard.
The method of management was chosen first "on the head" in order to prevent problems with the weather and birds and to make it easier for us to work individually with each bush.
Our vineyard has become a popular attraction in several years of its existence. Primarily for the beauty of the vines, but also for the overall impression that most reminds visitors of the Provencal countryside. Certainly for the ubiquitous and unmissable lavender bushes that stand out on the white sand, the incredibly positive atmosphere and the service staff, who are always happy to take care of guests with open arms.
The year 2021 will go down in the history of our vineyard as a turning point. The purchase of new land expands the vineyard area, the selection frees up space for promising varieties and a new method of high "tree management and pruning" is another of our factors in the fight against mold, spring frosts and birds.
The following species composition has completely disappeared from the vineyard: Super Toscana, Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Chenin blanc, Sylváner, Riesling, Tramin rouge, Krystal.
Solaris, Muscat blanc, Viognier and several experimental varieties (of negligible importance) continue to be our mainstays.
Varieties with firm and hard foliage with a later start of sprouting, continuous ripening "under green foliage" are more suitable.Nadpis textu
A specific and original way of vine management in our vineyard "Tree High Management".
Because our vineyard is located in the foothills of the Iron Mountains, we have repeatedly struggled with the local "whims of Mother Nature."
Late spring May frosts and regular frost in the first week, otherwise sunny, of October.
We thought and bet on the nature of the vine as a creeper.
We release it up to a height of 2.5 meters and the result is surprising. The vine is aerated, the grapes are evenly exposed to sunlight, working with the bush is easier (no bending) and we have no problems with birds.
Strong winds can be a problem, so we recommend anchoring the individual supports slightly. There is also more work to be done than on the "wire", but the result is worth the effort.
Cut vines in our vineyard since 2016 and measured daily temperatures
2016 February 22 - daily temperature + 7 ° c
2017 February 22- daily temperature + 9 ° c
2018 March 9- daily temperature + 10 ° c (February 22 was -16 ° c)
2019 February 18- daily temperature + 14 ° c (warmest and driest year)
2020 February 25- daily temperature + 8 ° c
2021 February 22- daily temperature + 14 ° c
Overview of the weather in our vineyard since 2016
VERY GOOD AND WARM YEAR WITHOUT WEATHER FLUCTUATIONS. THE YOUNG VINE WAS PROSPEROUSLY AND THE FROZEN MEN DIDN'T HAVE BEEN STRICTED.
THE WEIGHT OF HARVESTED GRAPES WAS 170 KG
NO WINES HAVE BEEN PRODUCED THIS YEAR
IN THE PERIOD OF ICE MEN, -6 ° C WAS MEASURED. VERY BAD YEAR FOR OTHER FRUIT, ALSO FOR YOUNG VINE.
THE WEIGHT OF HARVESTED GRAPES WAS 106 KG
NO WINES HAVE BEEN PRODUCED THIS YEAR
THE FIRST OF THE EXTREMELY WARM AND DRY YEARS. HOWEVER, THE HARVEST WAS VERY NICE, EVEN WITH OTHER FRUIT AND ESPECIALLY.
THE WEIGHT OF HARVESTED GRAPES WAS 716 KG
THIS YEAR, WE STARTED THE PRODUCTION OF WINE OF THE NOBLE MARGUE CATEGORY.
AS ONE OF THE BEST YEARS. THE VINE WAS FLOWERED ON MAY 15. RECORD GROWTH AND HIGH SUGARITY OF GRAPES. FROZEN MEN DID NOT COME.
THE WEIGHT OF HARVESTED GRAPES WAS 1 145 KG.
THIS YEAR WE STARTED THE PRODUCTION OF WINES OF THE SELECTION CATEGORY. RED WINES APPEARED IN THE OFFER.
THE PROMISING YEAR (APRIL WAS SUNNY) BUT MAY WAS EXTENDED AND THE TEMPERATURES WERE VERY LOW. THE FIRST TWO WEEKS OF JUNE WERE WET AND THAT WAS VERY NEGATIVE ON THE GROWTH. MANY OF THE VARIETIES LOST THE ENTIRE CREW OF GRAPES.
THE WEIGHT OF HARVESTED GRAPES WAS 565 KG.
THIS YEAR WE STARTED THE WINE PRODUCTION OF THE EXCEPTIONNEL CATEGORY
LONG WINTER AND LATE START OF RAINING SAVED OUR VINOHRAD FROM FROZEN MEN. THE SPRING FROST, BUT, HAS CAUSED SIGNIFICANT DAMAGE IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL STATES (MOST IN FRANCE). THE CUTS WERE WITHOUT PROBLEMS AND WE DEDUCED DAMAGE UNTIL THE END OF MAY. THE SUMMER WAS SUNNY AND RAID SUFFICIENTLY. PATER NOSTER VINEYARDS HAVE NOT SUCHED ANY NATURAL DISASTERS. AUGUST, BECAUSE THE MATURATING GRAPES WAS MACEŠSKÝ, AND FESTS OF FUNGI FOR LARGE RAINBOWING WERRED. SEPTEMBER, BUT EVERYTHING TURNED IN OUR BENEFIT. IT WAS WARM, SUNNY, AND PLACED THE VINEYARD IN UNDUSSIBLE SUGAR. THE MONTHS OF OCTOBER AND NOVEMBER WERE ABOVE-TEMPERATURE IN TEMPERATURE AND ALSO ENABLED WORK IN VINOHRAD. IT WASN'T SIGNIFICANTLY BUT, BUT IT WASN'T ANY DEAD DRY EITHER. THE FIRST MRÁZ ARRIVED ON DECEMBER 22 AND TERMINATED 3 DAYS.
THE WEIGHT OF HARVESTED GRAPES WAS 475.5 KG.
THIS YEAR, WE STARTED THE PRODUCTION OF NECTAR CATEGORY WINE.
SPRING APPEARED VERY PROMISING AND ACTUALLY CAME AFTER THE PRESCRIPTIVE WINTER. IN APRIL THE SUNSHINE WAS ALREADY EXTENDED AND THE VINE AWAKENED FROM ITS WINTER HIBERNATION LIKE ASTRONAUTS SAVING ENERGY DURING A LONG FLIGHT. MAY WAS ALSO SUPPORTIVE, RAINY BUT WARM AND, ABOVE ALL, WITHOUT THE ARRIVAL OF THE FEARED FROZEN GUYS ONLY ON MAY 30 AND 31, THE TEMPERATURE DROPPED TO JUST 3°C, BUT THAT DID NOT STOP THE PROGRESS. JUNE WAS SUNNY AND THERE WAS AVERAGE WATERING, BUT FORTUNATELY THE RAIN DID NOT INTERFERE WITH THE FLOWERING OF THE VINE. FROM THE SECOND HALF OF JULY TO THE END OF AUGUST, THERE WAS VERY LITTLE RAIN, BUT IT DOESN'T MATTER. IT MATURED INTO A NICE AND HEALTHY HARVEST AND PROMISED A RECORD HARVEST WITHOUT DISEASE. HERE WE REDUCED IT BY REPEATED GREEN HARVESTING. SEPTEMBER WAS SURPRISED WITH COLD WINDS AND RAIN, BUT FORTUNATELY THE FEAR ABOUT FUNGUS DID NOT COME TRUE. THE ENTIRE OF SEPTEMBER, WITH A SMALL EXCEPTION, IT RAINED FOR US AND THE COLD BLAST MOVED UNTIL THE FIRST WEEK OF OCTOBER, AND THEN FINALLY CAME THE DESIRELY EXPECTED CHANGE IN THE WEATHER. THE ENTIRE OCTOBER WAS ABOVE-AVERAGE WARM WITHOUT DANGERS AND FLUCTUATIONS, AND THE GRAPES EASILY RIPE AND MEET THE PARAMETERS FOR CLASSIFICATION INTO THE HIGHEST QUALITY CLASSES. THE BEGINNING OF NOVEMBER WAS SUNNY AGAIN AND SO WE COULD CUT THE GRAPES. WE HARVESTED OVER-RIPE TO RAISIN GRAPES OF THE MUSCAT BLANC VARIETY ON NOVEMBER 9. THE SUGARS ARE INCREDIBLE AND SUFFICIENT TO PRODUCE MORE QUALITY GRADES FROM THIS EXTRAORDINARY VARIETY. THE FIRST SNOW APPEARED ON NOVEMBER 18. THE VINE WAS ENOUGH TO MATURE NICELY INTO WOOD AND BECAUSE IT IS PROPERLY PLANTED, WE BELIEVE THAT IT WILL WINTER WITHOUT PROBLEMS. IN THE MONTH OF DECEMBER, THE VINEYARD WAS UNDER SNOW FOR 14 DAYS AND FOR ONE WEEK IT FROZED QUITE STRONGLY, THE TEMPERATURES CAME BELOW MINUS 10°C AT NIGHT. HOWEVER, THE END OF THE YEAR WAS WARM AGAIN AND BEES EVEN FLYED ON NEW YEAR'S EVE. THE TEMPERATURE ATTACKED AN INCREDIBLE 15°C.
THE WEIGHT OF THE HARVESTED GRAPES WAS 651.5 KG.
THE FIRST DECADE OF JANUARY IS UNUSUALLY HOT. SOIL TEMPERATURES MEASURED AT 40 CM RANGE FROM 5°C TO 8°C. THERE ARE NO NIGHT FROSTS AND THERE IS A LOT OF RAIN. THE SECOND AND BEGINNING OF THE THIRD DECADE OF JANUARY WAS UNUSUALLY HOT. SINCE JANUARY 21, THERE HAS BEEN A CONTINUOUS LAYER OF APPROXIMATELY 8 CM OF SNOW ON THE VINEYARD, AND NIGHT TEMPERATURES REACHED -5°C. THIS TIME THE WEATHER LASTED UNTIL THE END OF JANUARY. EVEN IN THE FIRST DECADE OF FEBRUARY THE FROSTS CONTINUE. THEN COMES A SHORT THREE-DAY GLUE WITH TEMPERATURES OF 8°C, AND AFTER IT THERE ARE AGAIN FROSTS WHICH ARE AROUND 1°C IN THE DAY AND -6°C AT NIGHT. THE SUN IS LITTLE AND IT IS RAINING A LOT AND FOGS ARE APPEARING ALL DAY.